what happens at the end of a tenancy

What happens at the end of a tenancy?

It’s a question that most tenants will eventually ask themselves. What happens at the end of my tenancy? There are so many things to consider, like what you need to do to prepare for your move out and how much notice is required. This blog post will guide you through the process and answer some common questions about what happens at the end of a tenancy.

The first thing to remember is that usually two months’ notice is required before moving on from your rental property. It pays to get organised well in advance by notifying your landlord as soon as possible if you’re planning on vacating your home or apartment in less than three months (two weeks) time – this can be done either verbally or in writing via email, text message, or a letter.

What do I need to do to prepare for my move out?

Most property managers require all tenants (including pets) to vacate the property by noon on the last day of tenancy and return the keys in person or via post upon vacating to avoid access complications prior to settlement. It is wise not to leave your home/unit in an untidy state, as some landlords charge up to $100 per room if rental premises are left ‘untidy’ at end of lease – this includes leaving dirt, dust and food stuffs within cupboards and other places that are easily visible. Remember you are charged for cleaning done after moving out so it pays off more if you clean your place thoroughly before handing over.

Arrangements should be made for the return of keys and the deposit.. The one-week notice period should also be allowed for cleaners to do a final clean and any other outstanding maintenance.

The rental property may need to be cleaned before it can be re-rented. A professional cleaner is normally used by the landlord/agent (landlord) or the tenant’s costs are reimbursed at the end of tenancy by the deposit, which may run into hundreds. Although an agent might charge a flat fee of $100 regardless of how many rooms in your house will take up most if not all hours of that day. In this case some tenants have found that a small tip for staff members improves their attitude quite dramatically.

Checklist for tenants moving out

To make moving out as seamless as possible and to ensure your deposit is returned promptly take a look at this checklist. You should always confront your checklist with your landlord’s version, to make sure that you cover all the points.

– Clean the premises fully – you can deduct cleaning costs from your deposit

– Ensure that all fixtures and fittings are in good order before moving out

– Check the condition of flooring, walls, doors and windows to ensure that they have been left in the same state as when you moved in

– Make sure any damages caused by tenant or resident are repaired before you move out. If not made good at lower cost prior to your leaving it is recommended notifying landlord / agent of defect (according to lease)

– Keep open communication with your landlord regarding moving out details including the return of the deposit.

– Return keys to landlord / agent, if you don’t know where they are then try using a keyometer.

– Record meter readings within the property and sign for them upon handing over.

– Ensure your tenancy agreement is signed and given to tenant on move out. This will help prevent charges being applicable from the Landlord/Agent (i.e Cleaning costs) if not informed of defects found at tenants inspection that weren’t previously notified by yourself prior to moving out.

– If any part of the accommodation was in good repair when you moved in, but is now damaged or in poor condition, inform your landlord as soon as possible after moving out so that they can arrange repairs before making a claim against your deposit

-Ensure rent and all other charges and utilities are paid in full. If you leave owing money to your landlords or anyone else, they will be entitled to claim this from any deposit that is due to you.

-Check with the landlord or agent who should receive your final rent payment and when

-Ask for a forwarding address so that you can send it on. Most Landlords/Agents will want your rent paid in advance of the end of a tenancy. So ensure arrangements are made at least one month prior to moving out 

-If the landlord wants your keys back, he must tell you within 14 days (or seven clear days). Any request later than this is invalid and if there is no agreement over when keys should be returned, the tenant does not have to return them.

How to choose carpet cleaning services?

Carpeting is a trendy choice for both personal and business applications. Should you go with carpeting in your home, it’s only a matter of time until you will have to hire professionals to clean the carpeting in your household. With carpeting, the materials are rather delicate and tricky to clean, which is why you should leave it to the professionals.

The market gives you numerous cleaning services to choose from, so pay attention to the following aspects when selecting:

Training and certification

A company with staff who are educated ensures excellent quality for the cleaning services. It’s also another proof that the company will adequately clean your carpets and know pretty much everything about various cleaning procedures. They also have a good understanding of multiple fabrics and materials or how the materials take staining. Always make sure that the company has qualified staff before hiring it, even if you’re looking for “carpet cleaning pleasanton ca” or “carpet cleaning manteca ca“.

Good reputation

It’s effortless to find out about a company’s reputation nowadays. You need to ask family and friends, neighbors, go online, and read the reviews from previous customers. Some sites are mostly made for rating and review such cleaning services.


No matter what they say, experience always matters. A cleaning carpet company team working for several years will have more experience than a freshly started competitor. Experienced companies have been through all kinds of experiences and dealt with various materials and situations. It will always matter for the quality of their cleaning services.

Products and equipment

The sort of cleaning methods the company utilized is also essential. How the cleaning process takes place, how long the carpet will require for drying, the type of products and equipment used for cleaning are also necessary. Do you care for the products to be children and pet friendly? Should they use products for people with allergies? Information of this kind can help you narrow down the choices, especially if you worry about the safety of your children, pets, or members of the family with allergies.

Last but not least, take a look at the rates. A reliable cleaning company will offer upfront prices and even run a free in-home estimate. The step ensures that they will not add any other costs to the final bill.  Also, check if the company provides a guarantee policy. Ideally, you want the company to redo the cleaning for free when you’re not happy with the results.

opioid crisis past and future

The Opioid Epidemic

You don’t need to work in the health industry to have heard about the opioid epidemic/aka opioid crisis.

The opioid epidemic refers to the increasing number of deaths and hospitalization from opioids, illicit drugs, and prescription drugs. Over the last couple of years, deaths caused by opioids increased to 40,000 a year across the U.S. The opioid epidemic started a decade ago. Still, the factors leading to it developed before 2010.

What defines opioids?

Opioids are drugs derived from or are a synthetic form of opium. Morphine contains the highest amount of opium, which has been used for decades for alleviating pain. As medicine evolved, scientists developed methods for replicating the morphine’s effects, making it stronger or weaker.

Methadone, heroin makes the most common drugs, and opioids are today synonymous with pain relief. Demerol, codeine, fentanyl, oxycodone, or tramadol are widely available and easy to procure, which only aggravates the opioid epidemic.

What is the prescription opioid epidemic?

Many of the people who develop an addiction to opioids have started using after a prescription. Opioids are powerful pain relievers, but they’re also highly addictive, making the human brain crave more. It only takes a couple of medicines for the patient to realize that he/she has become addicted to the effects of opioids. By the time they become aware of the opioid addiction, they’re way too far into the addiction.

Do people get treatment for opioid addiction?

Patients will have to follow addiction treatment, and the conventional methods used for detox cause painful withdrawal symptoms, rending the treatment very difficult to complete. Withdrawal symptoms with medication are so severe that people avoid treatment. Some people look into alternative treatment for opioid addiction, where natural remedies are used with even better and gentle effects on the body. For example, ibogaine used for detox from opioids is very gentle on the body and brain, and gives longer-lasting results. Patients no longer feel the need to use opioids and this effect can last for years.

Even if the patients manage to complete the addiction treatment, the main reason for which they were using opioids (as pain relievers) isn’t solved. Some go back to opioids as they still have to struggle with the pain, and heroin makes a cheaper option than prescribed medication. Heroin is more powerful, more affordable, and more accessible to obtain than prescribed medication.

As the conventional addiction treatment focuses only on the addiction to the opioids and on the complete picture (without solving the pain that caused the use of opioids), it makes sense why the results are poor. Over the last couple of years, patients have become more active in their treatment. Once they become aware of the addiction, they’re interested in taking the alternative path, trying to solve both the addiction and the pain that caused the opioid use. Alternative treatments for opioid addiction are now available, tackling the various problems that lead to opioid use and abuse.

Does the opioid epidemic affect all of us?

Regardless of what you may think, the opioid epidemic affects people of all walks of life, in all demographics, including veterans, teens, seniors, men, and women alike. Even if you’re not using/abusing opioids, someone close to you could struggle with opioid addiction. Even if it all started with some prescribed medication, there aren’t many steps to take from use to abuse, mainly when you have prescribed medication.

How can you help?

Just because you’re not using opioids doesn’t mean that the opioid epidemic doesn’t affect you. When you know the risks, the signs, and the symptoms of opioid addiction, you can participate in one’s recovery and even help his/her life.

The stigma of addiction is still very powerful, and people are ashamed to talk about using and abusing opioids. And no, addiction has nothing to do with being weak nor reflects a character flaw. Addiction knows no social or financial status, and anyone may develop it at some point in his life.

Should you have any concerns that someone you care for struggles with opioid addiction, don’t hesitate to look for a treatment provider as soon as possible. Addiction shouldn’t be the final destination for someone’s life, but only a momentary detour.

Kepco for the Wind

South Korea’s Korea Electric Power Corporation will build a $9 billion, 2.5-gigawatt offshore wind farm off the southwest coast of the Korean peninsula by 2019, the Ministry of Knowledge Economy said in a statement.
While this blog focuses upon U.S. wind power development, it is good to note such clean energy elsewhere in the world. This includes Asia. This blog recently noted wind power development in China and now relays information about wind power development in South Korea. A thanks to the Big Gav.

According to the ministry, the 51-percent government-owned Kepco will be buying wind turbines from eight local suppliers including Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering, and Hyundai Heavy Industries.

The wind farm project will be built in three phases, beginning with a $355-million demonstration project by 2014 which will consist of turbines having the capacity of between 3 and 7 megawatts.

The second phase 400-MW demonstration project will have an investment of $1.42 billion by 2016. To complete the third phase is a $7.26-billion investment to build a 2-GW wind farm by 2019.

O.K., let’s install 200,000 GW of solar

Just re-posted the announced growth in wind power in parts of the United States, and now the Big Gav relays that  ”the technical potential of photovoltaics and concentrating solar power (CSP) in the U.S. amounts to just under 200,000 GW.”

According to a new study released by NREL, there is the potential to generate around 399,700 TWh of energy annually.

The U.S.-based National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has published a new report – U.S. renewable Energy Technical Potentials: A GIS-Based Analysis – in which it says, technically, 154,864 of photovoltaics and 38,000 GW of CSP could be installed. This would mean, photovoltaics could generate around 483,600 terawatt hours (TWh) of energy annually, and CSP, 116,100. Refer to the table for a breakdown of the different solar technologies.

Overall, it believes rural utility-scale photovoltaics has more potential than any other renewable energy technology, due to the “relatively high power density, the absence of minimum resource threshold, and the availability of large swaths for development.” Meanwhile, Texas is said to have the ability to account for around 14 percent of this 153 GW, or 280,600 TWh annual potential.

In terms of urban utility-scale photovoltaics, NREL says Texas and California have the highest estimated technical potential, due to both their strong solar resources and high populations. With significantly less estimated technical potential, it is thought that rooftop photovoltaics will be most successful in those states with higher population densities, like California.

Getting accustomed to moderate to exceptional drought in the US

“Climate change is real and really dangerous,” warned the Huffington Post.

The severe drought across much of the U.S. proved stubborn once again during the past week as nearly four-fifths of the country was in some form of drought. And the area of the lower 48 states affected by moderate to exceptional drought expanded slightly, hitting a high for the year, according to data released Thursday morning. [Climate Central]

… moderate to exceptional drought covered a new high of 64.16 percent of the lower 48 states as of September 11….

… just 21.47 percent of the lower 48 states was drought free, which is down from 56.53 percent at the same time in 2011.

The drought is the worst to strike the U.S. since the Dust Bowl era of the 1930s and lengthy droughts of the 1950s. It came on suddenly and largely without warning, and although the main trigger was most likely a La Niña event in the tropical Pacific Ocean, the drought was exacerbated by extremely hot temperatures during the spring and summer. July, for example, was the hottest month on record in the U.S., and the summer was the third-hottest on record, narrowly losing out to 2011 and 1936. Climate studies have shown that the odds of severe heat waves are increasing due to manmade climate change.

Wind Power Growing Fast in Parts of the U.S.

“Solar power and fracking get all the press, but wind has quietly become a major force in the U.S. power grid,” begins Will Oremus for Slate. Well, Will, that is because they are more important. The advantage of wind power is how quickly it can go up and start producing electric power. And, what you say about the growth of wind power in certain parts of the United States is worth knowing. If you are a greenie-weenie, that is.

According to a new report from the Department of Energy, wind accounted for about a third of all new electricity capacity installed in the country in 2011. That’s not too far behind natural gas, which accounted for 49 percent of new capacity amid an ongoing boom in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.

Overall, it still amounts to just 3.3 percent of the nation’s electricity demand—coal and natural gas dominate, followed by nuclear. But it has now been the second-fastest-growing electricity source in six of the past seven years, thanks in part to a renewable electricity production tax credit originally signed into law by George H. W. Bush in 1992.

Wind’s wild ride may soon come to an end, though. The tax credit is set to expire at the end of this year, and while the Senate has passed an extension, the Republican-controlled House has not.

Now the fate of the wind industry is becoming an issue in the presidential campaign. Mitt Romney on Tuesday toured a coal plant in Ohio to slam Obama for environmental policies that prioritize renewable energy sources over fossil fuels.

“If you don’t believe in coal, if you don’t believe in energy independence for America, just say it,” Romney said, according to the Columbus Dispatch. “If you believe the whole answer for our energy needs is wind and solar, then say that.”

Obama hit back on campaign stops in Iowa, arguing that ending the wind credit would cost the country 37,000 jobs. He included a dig at Romney over the old anecdote that he once strapped the family dog to his car roof on a road trip. From the Des Moines Register:

“Governor Romney even explained his energy policy this way: I’m quoting here: ‘You can’t drive a car with a windmill on it.’ That’s what he said about wind power,” Obama told about 800 Iowans at a campaign rally in rural Oskaloosa. “Now I don’t know if he’s actually tried that. I know he’s had other things on his car.”

Despite its huge growth of late, the U.S. wind industry remains far behind that of several other countries in terms of its contribution to the nation’s overall energy supply. Denmark’s wind capacity is about 29 percent of its annual demand, and that figure is also above 10 percent in Portugal, Spain, Ireland, and Germany.

In the United States, Texas is by far the largest wind power producer, followed distantly by Iowa, California, Illinois, Minnesota, Washington, Oregon, and, of course, Oklahoma, where the wind comes sweeping down the plain.

Severe weather hits capitals and villages around the world

In the last week, the world has experienced a series of calamitous weather events. News headlines have painted a grim picture: flooding, drought, landslides and record ice melt in the arctic. These events stretch to every corner of the globe, but their effects are all too heavily felt by the poorest people in the world.

While it is true that it is difficult to attribute any single weather event to climate change, it is agreed that climate change is likely to bring more extreme weather events with it.  Indeed, many of these recent events are consistent with what can be expected as global temperatures continue to rise. In very broad terms, this is because climate change is putting more energy (heat) into the world’s weather systems. It is probable that this will cause dry areas to get drier and wet areas to get wetter.

We need to ask ourselves: is this the world we want?

  • Arctic: June 18 – Satellite images of the Artic have shown the extent of floating ice that melts and refreezes was 824,000 square kilometres less than the same period in 2007 – the year of record low extent since records started in 1979. This follows last year’s second greatest sea ice melt on record.
  • Uganda: June 25 – A landslide devastated two villages, killing about 30 people and leaving more than 100 missing. A local official said it rained heavily in the area for two days and that the landslides in the area may be more severe than the ones that occurred there in 2010.
  • North and South Korea: 26 June – The most severe drought since record keeping began 105 years ago is gripping the Korean Peninsula. According to reports, 80% of South Korea is experiencing severe drought, with Seoul experiencing only seven percent of the rainfall it experienced during the same period last year.
  • Bangladesh: June 28 – The death toll from floods and landslides have been climbing. Unusually heavy monsoon rains have disrupted road, rail and air links, local officials said.
  • Nigeria: June 28 – Heavy rains and flooding have affected residents in the capital, Lagos. In some areas properties were swept away and major roads were blocked.
  • United Kingdom: June 28 – Torrential rain has caused flash floods in parts of the UK, while Northern England, the Midlands, Scotland and Northern Ireland were hit by storms that brought lightning, giant hailstones, squalls and tornadoes. At the same time, southern parts of Britain experienced dry weather and temperatures of up to 28C.
  • USA: June 28 – A wildfire has forced the evacuation of 35,000 people from Colorado’s second-largest city. One person has been killed and 346 homes incinerated, making it the most destructive blaze in the state’s history. Waldo Canyon was the site of one of over 40 large, uncontained wildfires being fought across the United States, the bulk of them in ten western states: Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, South Dakota, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada and even Hawaii.
  • India: June 29 – 900,000 people have been displaced and 27 people have died due to floods in the north-eastern state of Assam. Torrential rain has hit the region, inundating 21 of the 27 districts in the state, as the seasonal monsoon rolls across the subcontinent.
  • USA: 30 June – The Washington D.C region, Maryland, and Northern Virginia were lashed by a sudden and violent storm that killed at least 13 people. Even the Washington Post writes (June 30, 2012): “As the intensity of the heat wave, without reservation, was a key factor in the destructiveness of this “derecho” event it raises the question about the possible role of manmade climate warming (from elevated greenhouse concentrations).”
  • Costa Rica: 30 June – New research suggests that climate change could impede leatherback turtle population’s ability to recover, according to a study in the journal Nature Climate Change by a research team from Drexel University, Princeton University, other institutions and US government agencies. The report indicates that the eastern Pacific population of leatherback turtles will decline by 75 percent by the year 2100. Turtle eggs and hatchlings in nests buried at hotter, drier beaches are the main reason for this decline. Dr. James Spotila, the Betz Chair Professor of Environmental Science in the College of Arts and Sciences at Drexel told the Science Daily: “In 1990, there were 1,500 turtles nesting on the Playa Grande beach. Now, there are 30 to 40 nesting females per season.”
  • USA: June 29 – Stifling heat and dry conditions are persisting across the centre the Midwest. The drought conditions are hitting at the worst possible time for young corn and soybean plants already suffering from a lack of rain, according to agricultural meteorologists.

Coaltopia – Coal Industry Revival Backfires On Climate

Writing for High County News, Ray Ring reports on unusual opposition, from Wyoming to India, that coal-export schemes have ignited:

The opponents want thorough evaluations that weigh all the impacts, with public hearings around the Northwest that would give time to speakers like Kimberly Larson, a staffer for Climate Solutions, a Washington group that advocates for wind and solar power.

“The coal companies need a new market for their drug,” she says, “just like we saw with tobacco companies,” which emphasized overseas sales when health warnings and taxes eroded their U.S. customer base.

Industry, however, prefers narrow evaluations — a local hearing that only weighs the construction of a new dock, for instance. And industry is optimistic: In the last few weeks, a couple of companies leased additional Powder River Basin deposits — with their eyes fixed on Asia.

Writing for the Daily Kos, Matt Wuerker falls for coal industry deception (much deception comes from a difference in perception) and encourage readers, at least in the Pacific Northwest, to think likewise. There are two grievous errors in the thinking he promotes.

While criticizing the coal industry for using a local focus, the Daily Kos article, “Our Happy Future as a Coal Corridor,” also emphasizes a local focus that lessens the focus on the total impact upon life on the planet as we know it. A quick view of current economics, and the average reader would see the need to export coal to Asia.

The second grievous error relates to the first. Wuerker wants the Daily Kos reader to see such harm in being a coal industry “corridor.” This provides coal industry representatives an opportunity to respond that this worry is wrong because the coal is going elsewhere for burning — some place other than the Great Pacific Northwest — some place in Asia, where electric power plants suffer less harassment by the government about producing CO2 emissions than the coal industry has to worry about in our country. (Sarcastically italicized.)

Meanwhile, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will rise again next month as it has since reporting started. Not just in the atmosphere in the Pacific Northwest, or wherever you are as you read this. The concentration reported in a frame on the right hand of this weblog front page is a global average. While it is a possible problem to transport the product through where you live to make money, it is not the major problem. The major problem is encouraging greater use of a product that, in the future, is leading to the end of life on this planet as we know it. Yes, one planet — this Kos critical post is avoiding a focus on Big China, other than repeating the cartoon. Instead, it attempts to ask readers to think critically about life on our planet.

Spring 2010 Flood Risk

AP Photo: Julie Jacobson

Scientific American relays a warning from NOAA. JCWinnie readers will be familiar with such warnings since the editor can recall watching local television coverage of devastating flooding and thinking: “Gee, that’s terrible. Hey, wait a minute, that is where I live. Wholly inflatable dinghys, Batman. That is where I am now!”
“A sign outside the Iowa Welcome Center is partially submerged by flood water on June 15, 2010.

O.K., so I really didn’t think inflatable watercraft until later. That was for comedic relief. And, speaking of relief and the cost of damage due to “historic flooding”, Jane Lubchenco, head of the U.S. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, told reporters yesterday, “We are looking at potentially historic flooding in some parts of the country this spring.” The Red River Valley in Minnesota and Iowa is at risk of floods. Areas in the Southeast could flood, too.

Climate Progress headline: Red River braces for fourth “ten-year flood” in a row! Even Big Boss Barry warned about the flooding that’s going on right now in North Dakota. “I actually think the science around climate change is real. It is potentially devastating.”

Yes, yes, the Big Boss moniker is semi-snarky since the previous senator from Illinois and now president of these United States has to contend with corrupt “representatives” that continue to deny that a rise in global temperatures over the past 50 years is due primarily to human-induced emissions of heat-trapping gases. These emissions come mainly from the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and gas), with other contributions from the clearing of forests and agricultural activities. The rise in emissions will have far-reaching consequences, both spatially and temporarily. There is particular irony that denial of this clear and present danger is so prevalent among representatives from states most at risk.